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Guru Gobind Singh

year of birth : 1666 | place of birth : Bihar, INDIA

parents : Guru Tegh Bahadur, Mata Gujri

nationality : Indian | occupation : Sikh Guru | spouse : Mata Jeetoji, Mata Sundari, Mata Saheb Kaur

sons : Baba Ajit Singh, Baba Jujar Singh, Baba Jorawar Singh and Baba Fateh Singh

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" Meditate upon him thy mind,
whose Unlimited Glory is spread in all the world
. ”


" When all other means fail to uphold righteousness
it is morally right to take up the arms. "
" When words fail, sword will do. "


“ From now on, you have become casteless.
No ritual, either Hindu or Muslim, will you perform
nor will you believe in superstition of any kind,
but only in one God who is the master and
protector of all, the only creator and destroyer.
In your new order, the lowest will rank with the
highest and each will be to the other a bhai (brother). ” 



" The Dasam Granth " ... " Akal Ustat " ... " Zafarnama " ... " Tankhanama" 

Guru Gobind Singh (born Gobind Rai ) was the tenth of the ten Sikh Gurus, the eleventh guru being the living perpetual Guru, Guru Granth Sahib. He was a Warrior, Poet and Philosopher. He succeeded his father Guru Tegh Bahadur as the Leader of Sikhsat the young age of nine. He contributed much to Sikhism; notable was his contribution to the continual formalisation of the faith which the first Guru, Guru Nanak had founded, as a religion, in the 15th century. Guru Gobind Singh, the last of the living Sikh Gurus, initiated the Sikh Khalsa in 1699, passing the Guruship of the Sikhs to the Eleventh and Eternal Guru of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib.

Guru Gobind Singh was born as Gobind Rai in Patna, Bihar in India. His father Guru Tegh Bahadur, was the ninth Sikh Guru. His mother's name was Mata Gujri. He was born while his father was on a tour of the neighbouring state of Assam, spreading God's word. In April 1685, Guru Gobind Singh shifted his residence to Paonta in Sirmaur state at the invitation of Raja Mat Prakash of Sirmaur. According to the gazetteer of the Sirmur State, the Guru was compelled to quit Anandpur Sahib due to differences with Bhim Chand, and went to Toka. From Toka, he was invited to Nahan, the capital of Sirmaur by Mat Prakash. From Nahan, he proceeded to Paonta. Mat Prakash invited the Guru to his kingdom in order to strengthen his position against Raja Fateh Shah of Garhwal. At the request of Raja Mat Prakash, the Guru constructed a fort at Paonta with help of his followers, in a short time. The Guru remained at Paonta for around three years, and composed several texts

Guru Gobind Singh then poured clear water into an iron bowl and adding Patashas (Punjabi sweeteners) into it, he stirred it with double-edged sword accompanied with recitations from Adi Granth. He called this mixture of sweetened water and iron as Amrit ("nectar") and administered it to the five men. These five, who willingly volunteered to sacrifice their lives for their Guru, were given the title of the Panj Pyare ("the five beloved ones") by their Guru. They were the first (baptized) Sikhs of the Khalsa: Daya Ram (Bhai Daya Singh), Dharam Das (Bhai Dharam Singh), Himmat Rai (Bhai Himmat Singh), Mohkam Chand (Bhai Mohkam Singh), and Sahib Chand (Bhai Sahib Singh).

Guru Gobind Singh then recited a line which has been the rallying-cry of the Khalsa since then: 'Waheguru ji ka Khalsa, Waheguru ji Ki Fateh' (Khalsa belongs to God; victory belongs to God). He gave them all the name "Singh" (lion), and designated them collectively as the Khalsa, the body of baptized Sikhs. The Guru then astounded the five and the whole assembly as he knelt and asked them to in turn initiate him as a member, on an equal footing with them in the Khalsa, thus becoming the sixth member of the new order. His name became Gobind Singh. Today members of the Khalsa consider Guru Gobind as their father and Mata Sahib Kaur as their mother. The Panj Piare were thus the first baptised Sikhs, and became the first members of the Khalsa brotherhood. Women were also initiated into the Khalsa, and given the title of kaur("princess").

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