JOSEPH. BANKS. RHINE
year of birth : 1895 | place of birth : Pennsylvania, U.S.A
parents : Samuel Ellis Rhine and Elizabeth Vaughan Rhine
nationality : American | occupation : Botanist who founded scientific research in parapsychology as a branch of psychology, founding the parapsychology lab at Duke University
spouse : Louisa Ella Weckesser
education : Ohio Northern University, The College of Wooster, University of Chicago, Duke University
“ Let us merely say... 'perception by means that are
outside of the recognized senses,' and indicate this
meaning by 'Extra-Sensory Perception' or E.S.P. ”
“ I think more people should come out and get involved.
I know a lot of people don't want to give up
Saturday morning after working all week, but it's a good cause. ”
“ O, how glorious would it be to set my heel upon the Pole
and turn myself 360 degrees in a second. ”
BOOKS BY THE MASTER
“ The Reach of the Mind ” … “ Extra-Sensory Perception ” … “ Parapsychology: Frontier Science Of The Mind ” …
“ New Frontiers of the Mind - The Story of the Duke Experiments ” … “ JB Rhine: Scientist of the Psychic " ...
" Extra Sensory Perception After Sixty Years " ... " New World of the Mind " ... " Parapsychology Today " ...
" Progress in Parapsychology "
Joseph Banks Rhine (September 29, 1895 - February 20, 1980), usually known as J. B. Rhine, was an American botanist who founded scientific research in parapsychology as a branch of psychology, founding the parapsychology lab at Duke University, the Journal of Parapsychology, the Foundation for Research on the Nature of Man, and the Parapsychological Association. Rhine wrote the books Extrasensory Perception and Parapsychology: Frontier Science of the Mind.
J B Rhine (Joseph Banks Rhine) is widely considered to be the "Father of Modern Parapsychology." Along with his wife Dr Louisa E. Rhine, Dr J B Rhine studied the phenomena now known as parapsychology at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. J B Rhine collaborated with Professor William McDougall who served as the Chairman of the Department of Psychology. Dr. J B Rhine coined the term "extrasensory perception" (ESP) to describe the apparent ability of some people to acquire information without the use of the known (five) senses). He also adopted the term "parapsychology" to distinguish his interests from mainstream psychology.
The Duke experiments on telepathy, clairvoyance and precognition used specially designed cards called Zener cards. About the size of regular playing cards, these cards were composed of decks of 25 cards, with each card having one of five symbols on one size: a cross, star, wavy lines, circle and square. Zener cards Under various experimental conditions, subjects would attempt to guess these cards. Out of each deck of 25 cards, 5 correct guesses were expected by chance. Using exact binomial probability calculations, it is possible to determine how "improbable" it would be to guess an excess number of cards correctly. In one set of experiments, 2400 total guesses were made and an excess of 489 hits (correct guesses) were noted. The statistical probability of this outcome is equivalent to odds of 1,000,000 to 1 (against chance) and thus show significant evidence that "something occurred." Skeptics will argue that factors other than ESP account for the deviations (some claim cheating by the subjects, sloppiness by the experimenters, etc.)