" Tao Te Ching "
Lao Tzu also known as Laozi or Lao Tse was a mystic Chinese philosopher who was best known as the author of the "Tao Te Ching". Being the author of "Tao Te Ching", he is considered as the founder of the Taoism. In Taoism, he is often worshipped as a deity and called as Taishang Laojun, or "One of the Three Pure Ones". Lao Tzu is a central figure in Chinese tradition and both the nobles and common people consider him in their ancestry. During the course of history, his works were generally accepted by various anti-authoritarian movements.
Based on them, it was believed that Lao Tzu worked as the Keeper of the Archives for the royal court of Zhou. It helped him to read the works of the Yellow Emperor and other classics of the time. It was further said that though Lao Tzu never opened a formal school; he still attracted numerous students and loyal disciples.
Lao Tzu’s magnum opus, the “Daodejing” is one of the most important treatises in Chinese cosmogony. Like other ancient Chinese philosophers, he explains his ideas by way of contradiction, analogy, appropriation of ancient sayings, repetition, symmetry, and rhythm. According to” Daodejing”, the Tao (or Dao) is the mystical source and ideal of all existence. It is unseen, not transcendent, but immensely powerful yet supremely humble, and the root of all things. It, further, describes that humans have no special place within the Tao and is only one of its many ("ten thousand") manifestations. People have both desires and free will, hence they can change their own nature. Many unnatural acts disturb the natural balance of Tao. This text tells people to return to their natural state which rests in harmony with Tao.