" Analects " ... " The sayings of Confucius " ... " The original analects " ... " Book of Rites " ... " Doctrine of the Mean "
Confucius was a Chinese thinker and social philosopher,whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Vietnamese thought and life. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty. Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius's thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known as Confucianism.
Confucius was born into the class of shi, between the aristocracy and the common people. He is said to have worked as a shepherd, cowherd, clerk, and a book-keeper. One of the deepest teachings of Confucius may have been the superiority of personal exemplification over explicit rules of behavior. His moral teachings emphasized self-cultivation, emulation of moral exemplars, and the attainment of skilled judgment rather than knowledge of rules. Confucian ethics may be considered a type of virtue ethics. Confucius' political thought is based upon his ethical thought.
The works of Confucius were translated into European languages through the agency of Jesuit scholars stationed in China. Confucius's works are studied by scholars in many other Asian countries, particularly those in the Chinese cultural sphere, such as Korea, Japan and Vietnam. Many of those countries still hold the traditional memorial ceremony every year. He created a philosophy that later became a major influence in the organization of Imperial Age China and was adopted and modified in other countries such as Korea, Japan, and Vietnam.