Thakur's followers believe that he was an incarnation of God. He is their most revered " Kaivalyanath" or " Satyanarayan". According to their belief he took the human form for the spiritual uplift of all irrespective of religion, caste and class. A considerable section of his followers were the so-called 'untouchables' and people of other religions (Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Buddhist etc.). Most of them were drawn towards him fascinated by his magnetic divine personality, his magnanimity & affection for all and also by his pleasant personality.
He said that to attain "Brahma", the supreme being, requires a lot of perseverance and practice of the ways and means demonstrated by a great soul. Renunciation of Samsara (material world) is not the only path to realize the Self. God-consciousness may be achieved by chanting of Maha-Nama within this mundane world by means of hard work without attachment.
The disciples of Ramthakur believe that he appeared in 'human form' in undivided Bengal in the middle of 19th Century to give salvation to all. Millions of followers flocked to him for his advice and spiritual guidance.
People of the undivided Bengal could know about his proclaimed divine personality only from the writings of poet Nabin Chandra Sen and from books and articles which were written by a few senior disciples. All of them divided his life into three phases:
Firstly, As a boy he felt strongly attached to,and was deeply loved, by his father's spiritual guide Sri Mrityunjoy Nyayapanchanan, who died one year after his father's death. Soon after, on the third day of the New Moon of Vaishakha, he was initiated by the Guru in ways considered subtle and mysterious. A few years after, he met the Guru at Kamakshya, Assam.
Secondly, When his mother died in 1903, he was in Kalighat . He next spent a few years in the well-known village of Uttarpara in the suburbs ofKolkata and one day disappeared from there.
Lastly, He was adored and revered by both the Hindus and people of other religion, irrespective of their faith. Ramthakur used to stress constantly on the efficacy of the repetitions of the Lord's Holy Name as a spiritual discipline and penance for all ills which subsequently would lead to God and eternal peace. His grace overflowed and touched the lives of thousands of men.